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Telling the truth about E-Reporting
Several articles about electronic reporting published lately in
NCRA's Journal of Court Reporting remind me of the old TV game show
"To Tell The Truth." Remember? Three contestants
would claim to be working in profession X, for instance — and
celebrity panelists would ask questions to see which one was telling
the truth and who were fibbing.
Picture this scenaro: the three contestants are:
• a certified machine-writer,
• a certified voice-writer, and
• a certified electronic reporter.
At the end of the show the host calls out, "Will the REAL certified
reporter please stand up?"
Who do you think should stand?
An understanding of what electronic reporting really is has not been
furthered by NCRA's recently stepped-up campaign to negatively
stereotype our reporting method. Of course, when it comes to
E-Reporting, AAERT has the expertise. When I read remarks written by
NCRA-certified stenographers on "The Truth About ER" or
attempting to define "digital reporting," it becomes clear that they
STILL can't seem to get it right! (Frankly, that's why I
don't write articles about working with Stenograph machines or Voice-Writing
masks — those are not tools I use, and I'd rather not pretend otherwise.)
The REAL truth is, electronic / digital reporting technology offers the
capability to produce a complete, accurate, verbatim, and timely
transcript of any proceeding. The REAL truth is, an AAERT-certified
E-Reporter has the experience to ensure that a complete and good-quality
recording is made, by constant monitoring and logging of the record.
However, there are far too many situations where audio equipment is
expected to just magically perform on its own, where the person is simply
too busy doing other things to attend to audio issues, or the person
operating the equipment has received inadequate training.
These are implementation issues which create negative stereotypes
A tape recorder somewhere in the room
is NOT E-Reporting!
A digital recorder which starts and stops on a timer but is otherwise
ignored is NOT E-Reporting!
We are the experts in electronic reporting, and it is our responsibility
to be its voice whenever possible, to make sure the REAL truth about our
reporting method is understood.
Example: A recent posting on the NCRA forum by a Stenographer in
Texas announced that electronic reporting "cannot produce a daily
transcript." Say what? I
know many of you have raised hairs on your necks right now, just hearing
such misinformation repeated yet again.
At our 2007 convention in Miami Beach we heard from colleagues in
Canada and Australia how daily copy has been mastered in their
countries, regularly providing transcripts within
four hours after the final gavel — yes, using digital audio
technology. Electronic reporters in Hong Kong even produce
multi-lingual daily transcripts!
Actually, what is happening in our industry is phenomenal, but apparently
we don't speak loudly or often enough about it.
NCRA's new president, Kathy DiLorenzo, wrote Now That I Have Your
Attention in the November / December 2007 issue of JCR. She
acknowledges major shifts in the court reporting industry. She
speaks of meeting two official reporters in her travels, a Stenographer
now using E-Reporting and a Voice-Reporter. She
writes, "Two things are certain: The first is that court reporter
positions across the nation are occupied by three different
practitioners: the steno reporter, the voice reporter, and the
electronic reporter. The second is that there are no across-the-board
professional standards that allow the 'individual' to fairly compete."
She concludes with "Let's continue the dialogue, shall we?"
I consider that an invitation.
The real truth, however, is that NCRA has also retained a marketing
consultant to discourage installation of electronic recording equipment
in courts. The real truth is that NCRA has launched a "Train the
Trainer" program to travel around the country building a network
of Stenographic reporting advocates. The real truth is that more
than 300 NCRA members volunteer to serve in an official capacity on
NCRA committees to promote the Stenographic method of reporting.
The overarching truth is, court reporters produce the record. The
tools used to accomplish that are Stenograph machines, voice masks, or
digital recording equipment. Maybe we can all agree at least on that,
and actually have an open dialogue, rather than continue with
old-school guerrilla tactics to promote the use of one method and preclude
So, when the question is asked, "Will the REAL certified
reporter please stand up?" —
let it be all of us.
— Janet Harris, CERT, CCVS
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So your spell-checker does it, does it?
Proofread: to read text in order to find errors
and make corrections.
Do you bother proofing the transcripts which go out over your name?
Or do you only pay attention to spellings when little warning
squiggles appear under words to say they're unknown in English, or when
some other bells ring or whistles blow?
A propos to those questions, although The New York Times
generally does not use anonymous submissions, on 20 November 2007
the editors chose to print this little gem from a reader:
It always does it for me
— yes, it does!
Eye halve a spelling chequer
that came with my pea sea.
It plainly marques four my revue
miss steaks eye kin knot sea.
Eye strike a quay and type a word
and weight four it two say
weather eye am rite or wrong
— it shows me strait a weigh.
As soon as a mist ache is maid
it nose bee fore two long
so eye can putt the error write
— its rare lea ever wrong.
Eye now have run this poem threw,
I'm shore your pleas two no.
Its let her perfect awl the weigh
— my chequer tolled me sew!
Those over-reliant on crutches
risk tripping over them . . .
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10th Biennial Court Technology Conference
— October 2007, Tampa
Center for State Courts sponsors these meetings.
2009's CTC will be in Denver.
As an official court reporter, I often feel that mine is the most important
role in the courtroom. Don't get me wrong, judges and attorneys have
important roles as well! But without a reporter, there isn't a
record. That's an important role.
However, after attending CTC 10 in October, I realize I am just one piece of a very
big, very complex system.
I live in Rochester, Minnesota. For that past fifteen years I have worked
as an official E-Reporter. I believe I have a good working knowledge of
the digital reporting technology used in our courtrooms. I believe I have
a good general knowledge of the case management systems used by court
administration. Until I attended CTC 10 in Tampa, I thought
I had a reasonable knowledge of other technology used around the country.
I realized my world is pretty small.
CTC is the DisneyWorld of court technology. There was an incredible
amount of information. In addition to court reporting systems, there were
exhibitors for file case management, scheduling, file tracking, jury
management, disaster recovery, information redaction, the list is
endless. It is mind-boggling to think of the different facets involved in
managing the court.
I attended a session on carpal tunnel that was very interesting, and I hope
we can bring the presenter to AAERT's 2008 Conference. And did you know that
E-filing is not on the horizon anymore but is already here, and many courts
are now using it?
AAERT was ably represented by (left to right):
Gail Malm Armstrong, Gillian Lawrence,
Margaret Morgan, Sherry Simmons
I also watched an impressive demonstration by a Voice-Writer. It piqued my
interest enough to want to learn the method to incorporate in my E-Reporting
CTC 10 was an eye-opening experience for me. I realize that reporters are
but one, albeit it important, role in an incredibly complex court system.
I did have an interesting discussion with a Stenographic reporter working
at the NCRA booth. When I told her I was an E-Reporter attending CTC 10
with AAERT, she said she was of the mind that "we are all equal" and we
could work together. However, she wanted the Stenos to keep reporting
trials, and E-Reporters could "do everything else." That did not sound
exactly equal to me, but perhaps it is a step in the right direction.
— Margaret Morgan, CERT
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Technician: a specialist
in the technical details of a subject or occupation.
Scribe: a copier of
To my fellow technicians and scribes,
Every week I receive word of those who fear us, those who cheer us, those
who try to dissuade us, and those who roll up their sleeves and get to work
beside us. And "us" — who is that, anyway? We're composed
of modern-day verbatim scribes meticulously translating from audio to text
(transcribers), modern-day verbatim reporters recording with audio and
translating to text when needed (reporters), specialists with court
recording equipment (technicians), managers, and business owners. We
take pride in our work and are required to record, duplicate and guard the
audio record. We also distribute it in audio, video, and text formats.
Recently, while preparing to address you, I found myself caught up with
theory and principles and vision — and feeling a little empty
inside. I mean, it's really all a little clearer than I make it
sometimes. Today I feel challenged to get back to basics. I
don't live in a world of theory and vision, I live in a very real
black-and-white, nuts-and-bolts world of keeping the record in Seminole
County, Florida. The world of court reporting, like much of the rest
of the world, is growing and changing at a rapid pace. I'm very busy
working, just like most people in this profession.
I thought I'd let you take a peek into my world as an electronic court
reporting manager in Florida. Someone recently asked me to do a
Day In the Life type article, but I'm sure if you're anything like
me, a Day or even a Week is not a broad enough picture. I'm going to
give you a run-through of what this past month has looked like in Sanford,
Florida. Last week, short as it was for Thanksgiving, I spent most of
my time audio-proofing and final-proofing a trial transcript. But with
that said, there are some daily must-dos, like each day "remoting" into each
courtroom to make sure all recording
computers and backups are running. Sometimes we have a
problematic machine and we can reboot it remotely. Sometimes we need
to make a site visit to fix the machine. (We cover three courthouses
from one location.) One day this month the county network was down
and we had to manually start each machine in each courtroom. The
digital court reporters teamed up with IT people, and everything was up and
running by 8:15 a.m.
Each digital court reporter monitors and takes notes (which are
linked to the audio) in up to three courtrooms, but when a court is in
trial, the digital court reporter stays exclusively in that courtroom.
Our office is also responsible for the audio
in unmonitored venues, such as child support hearings and Department
of Revenue hearings, where the general magistrate operates the
Each day calls come in regarding ordering CDs and transcripts. We
receive many CD orders by fax from the State Attorney's office and the
Public Defender's office. Most of the private orders require payment
because the clients are not indigent for costs; therefore, those orders
come in the mail. In our Circuit Courts we have contract
stenographers who regularly order our CDs as backups to their machine
writing. In our County Courts much of the transcript work is
outsourced and we provide the audio / video CDs to the transcribers. We
also make CDs for our judges, staff attorneys, and the media. The
Department spreadsheet and database for CDs is kept on a shared network
drive so that each member of our Department can answer questions from
"customers." When I fill out my monthly State reports, I go to
the database to print out our CD stats for the month.
We are finalizing our analog-to-digital conversion and just started
recording at the jail this month. In Florida, court is held 365 days
a year, so we are now responsible for weekend First Appearances. The
Clerk's Office is the custodian of the analog records in our Circuit, but
this month we have started filling their audio requests by converting
analog to digital.
In the County courts the DCRs (digital court
reporters) make the official record. In our Circuit courts the
stenographers make the official record for hearings and trials, but the
audio / video runs simultaneously. The DCRs make the official record
for all other matters in Circuit courts. If court is running late
and is covered by a stenographer, I "remote" into the courtroom from home
in the evening to turn off the machine.
Some of our transcripts are produced in-house. Each of the digital
court reporters has access to all the audio / video on the servers, and
produces the transcript from the audio on the server. If the
transcript is going to be worked on off-site, the digital court reporter
saves it to a flash drive. While a digital court
reporter is apprenticing (has not yet achieved certification),
it is our practice to have the transcript audio-proofed, final-proofed, and
certified by a certified court reporter or transcriber. We are also
required by Administrative Order to review all audio before burning CDs.
Our CDs are like "audio transcripts" and do not include off-record
conversations, just as our transcripts would not do so. All redactions
must be noted on the CD certificate.
My notebook for this past month shows staff meetings, manager meetings,
court reporting coverage schedules to create, timesheets to submit, monthly
State Court reports, expense/travel forms to fill out, letters to vendors
regarding maintenance contracts, badge-clearance requests for vendor
technicians, judges' dockets to be filed, meetings with vendors to discuss
problematic peripheral equipment, meetings to discuss integrity of storage
servers and long-range technical plans, time to review a transcript manual
written by two court reporters in our Circuit, and time to work on our
And, of course, the extra stuff: trying to connect a local stenographic
student with an internship, answering AAERT emails and phone calls, and
discussing AAERT continuing education. The most interesting was a
gentleman who came to the courthouse on business and wound up in our office
to "learn about court reporting." I'm sure if I didn't scare him off with
information overload, he'd make a great court reporter. He's just
like us, if you know what I mean. He'll make a great court reporter
whatever technique he decides to use. Between his first and second
visit, I think he knew more about court reporting than I do.
My professional challenge is a staffing one: our office is staffed
according to best-practice monitoring ratios. Because they are
extremely well organized, our professional digital court reporters also fill
CD orders, type transcripts, and handle administrative tasks when
court is not in session. But if we were staffed at a lower
monitoring ratio, we would also be able to produce all transcripts
in-house. It is this challenge which perfects and steers our
I want to always be excited about what's out there and how I can be involved
with AAERT to help push us up to the next level and educate the
masses. But unless I enjoy and appreciate my day-in and day-out
routine, it's all for naught. I'm in this Association because this
is what I do for a living. And I, for one, am going to enjoy what I do!
When I was entering 11th Grade, my mother said I had to sign up to take
shorthand. I said, "Mom, why would anyone take shorthand? We have
tape recorders these days." Little did I know. And little did I
know tape recorders would one day become obsolete. But I figure that
was the day I got myself into this.
I'd love to hear from you. Please write and tell me a little bit
about your day-in, day-out routine.
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Federal transcript rates (can) increase
In September 2007 the Judicial Conference of the United States
approved a 10% increase in its maximum rate schedule
for transcription services.
See Rates to view the current schedule.
Note that each district, however, can adopt its own fee schedule, subject to
the maximum rates — and the availability of funding, of course.
Cameras in federal courtrooms
On September 27th C-SPAN broadcast a House Committee on the Judiciary
hearing to discuss H.R. 2128, perhaps aptly named the
Sunshine in the Courtroom Act
of 2007. This proposal would allow any federal district
to permit cameras in its courtrooms, with specific reference to independent
media coverage. As expected, pro- and anti-camera forces were arrayed
along very familiar lines.
|Attorneys and judges will grandstand.
||No; they quickly get used to cameras.
|Cameras will intimidate witnesses.
||They barely know cameras are present.
|Pre-trial publicity will taint jury pools.
||The public will become more educated.
|Print coverage has sufficed thus far, so leave things be.
||Unbiased "real-deal" pictures can't "spin" events, as
reporters can and do.
|The Supreme Court electronically records but forbids
cameras, so . . .
||Cameras are allowed in a majority of the states already.
The Judicial Conference of federal judges opposes cameras at trial-level
(district) courts, but since 1996 has okayed their use in appellate-level
proceedings — and currently the 2nd and 9th Circuit
Courts of Appeal are so covered.
In her testimony, C-SPAN's President and Co-CEO Susan Swain summed
up the pro-camera view:
"Advancing technology is
always disruptive . . . then the institutions
adapt." (Well, some do.)
The measure passed in committee by a vote of 17 to 11, and now awaits action
by the full House.
Hey, it's a generational thing . . .
Fear of and resistance to E-Reporting — (indeed, to most
digital- or computer-related innovations) — often afflict older
jurists and attorneys. A Maricopa County review of
E-Reporting issues in Phoenix was presented to the Arizona Supreme
Court's Committee on Keeping the Record, describing this
reluctance to move beyond old, comfortable, familiar ways of doing things
as largely generational in nature.
As a younger, 21st Century, cadre of legal professionals comes to the fore,
one not mired in a pre-digital world, we can expect the
technical comfort level within the judiciary to improve significantly.
An odd way to guard the record:
On the second day of a Pennsylvania hearing electronically reported
in August, a motion was granted to "correct" the prior session's
transcript so testimony would "flow in a coherent fashion." (Alas,
the primary witness that day had frequently switched thoughts in midstream
and left unfinished sentences dangling in mid-air.)
The E-Reporter, AAERT member Esteban Diaz, expressed concern that
these amendments were changing what was actually said — easy to
verify by comparing the previous day's text to the
audio record. The hearing officer normally works with Stenographic
reporters, and he observed that they typically make such changes at his
behest — but upon reflection, agreed that this was not really
appropriate, so ordered the transcript to remain unaltered. The
attorney who wanted to edit the record argued the point at length, but was
Lesson: "Fixing" transcripts to
make them grammatical, tidy, and neat is hardly guarding the record.
Hear it! Hear it! Hear all about it!
— District Courts offering
on-line digital audio recordings:
It's taken awhile, but people in some areas can now access on-line digital
audio recordings of certain federal district court cases
— to wit.,
in the District of Nebraska and the Bankruptcy Court for the
Eastern District of North Carolina. This lets the public
actually hear what's going on, in the same way written files have long been
available to read on the Internet via the Public Access to Court
Electronic Records (PACER) system.
Three other courts — the Eastern District of Pennsylvania and
the Bankruptcy Courts for the Districts of Maine and
Northern Alabama, are also joining in.
Digital audio recording has been an accepted method of making the official
court record since 1999, when it was approved by the Judicial Conference
of the United States. The new program's costs will be dramatically
lower than the prior cumbersome procedures which made people come to the
courthouse to pick up computer disks.
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We know different kinds of legal actions can be pursued under significantly
differing procedures . . . but can also share certain elements.
So, is a legal principle primarily found in CIVIL matters,
mainly in CRIMINAL prosecutions, or likely to be a
common feature in BOTH types of cases?
See if you can sort out the concepts listed in this issue's
Solutions and scoring are right on line, so you'll
know instantly (yet privately) how well you divvy them up.
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The Nature of Words
I recently was reminded of the word inveigh, which I use
to mean to rail against. Pondering its source, the Latin
vehere, to carry (plus the
prefix in-, of course), carried me to the
V section of the dictionary. As I suspected, vehicle is a close
relative, as is vector, something that conveys: the
mosquito is a vector of West Nile virus. Vehement —
ardent or impassioned at best, rancorous or
violent at worst — seems similarly "carried away."
Several sources do suggest that it may come
to us by way of a lost participle of vehere,
but perhaps from vehemèns,
violent or forceful.
As I wandered through the pages, my eyes fell on one of those words
which seem to convey an opposite meaning: vitiate seems a lot like
vital, doesn't it? Vital, however, is derived from the Latin
vita, life, while vitiate comes
from the Latin vitium, defect or
blemish, and means to debase or corrupt. A way to remember this is that the skin disorder
vitiligo, characterized by white blotchy patches, is caused by the loss of
natural skin pigment — its name is similarly derived
• • •
In the midst of these verbal wonderings and wanderings, I took a break
outdoors, and a Gulf Fritillary flitted by. A beautiful
wider-than-high orange butterfly with black bars and spots, its name is
apparently derived from the Latin fritillus,
or dice-box — whether from its fluttering habits reminiscent of the
shaking of dice or from its spotted markings isn't clear. A member
of the family Nymphalidae, the Gulf Fritillary's cousins, the Monarchs,
are now winging their way south through Texas by the millions, headed to
overwintering spots among the fir forests of the mountains near Mexico City.
— Laurel H. Stoddard, CET
On The Record Reporting & Transcription, Inc. (Austin, Texas)
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At CTC 10 in October, Bill Taylor, CEO of Veri-Core, LLC,
announced the firm's newest digital court reporting software,
(Of course, AAERT members who attended our 14th Annual Conference in
Miami Beach had the benefit of an earlier preview.)
read the CTC 10 press release
about Veri-Scribe II here.
Bill is a long-time advocate for E-Reporting, and he and his development
team have designed this recording system, not only for in-court use,
but also for any engagement which requires a permanent, verifiable record
of the proceedings — hearings, interviews, conferences,
seminars, meetings of all kinds, and even "remote"
depositions or arraignments when participants are at different
Audio recording, playback, and annotation functions are performed within a
single window, which helps make the system easy to learn and use.
For more specific information, contact Veri-Core.
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A continuing reminder: Pengad offers a significant
AAERT members receive Pengad's
lowest catalog pricing on most
court reporting supplies, regardless of quantity.
This means we do not have to buy in bulk to save.
Just identify yourself as an AAERT member when ordering, and you
automatically receive this consideration on your purchases of
- Transcript covers
- Laser supplies
- Data accessories
- Stock forms
- Mailing supplies
- Index tabs, and much more.
800 631-6989 — fax
800 631-2329 —
Note: Promotional items, billheads /
invoices, business cards, flat or raised print stationery, and printed
mailing envelopes are not included in this benefit.
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Conference, San Antonio,
June 22 - 24, 2008
Don't worry, you won't have to walk to our 15th Annual Conference in
(nor arrive in boots!) to meet with us there
But it will be a relaxed, yet informative gathering at
the El Tropicano Riverwalk. The
hotel is on a direct trolley line to The Alamo,
to downtown San Antonio, and to major mega-mall shopping — and perhaps
even better, it's at the north end of the city's beautiful Riverwalk, right
at a river-taxi dock, in case you'd rather move about town by water instead
Agenda topics and speakers are now being arranged, and further information
will appear on our webpage. Plan now to attend this important
milestone in AAERT's continuing development! A number of
continuing education credits will be
Our Conference co-chairs are:
Randel Raison, CET —
Margaret Morgan, CERT —
Contact them with agenda suggestions, Conference-related questions,
or to discuss sponsorship or exhibits.
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Newly Certified Members, Fall Examinations 2007
The traditional fall test cycle in AAERT's ongoing certification program
was conducted on October 27th in
Bothell, Washington; Gainesville and Orlando, Florida;
Phoenix, Arizona; and Wilmington, Delaware;
and on November 3rd in
Indianapolis, Indiana, and Marlborough, Massachusetts.
Congratulations and our very best wishes to these candidates who earned their
initial or upgraded certifications!
Sandra Aviles, CER**D — Stratford, Connecticut
Anisa Beddow, CET**D — Maricopa, Arizona
Sherri Breach, CERT*D — Ocala, Florida
Joelle Dixon, CET**D — Keystone Heights, Florida
Christine Fiore, CERT*D — Shelton, Connecticut
Brenda Hicks, CER**D — Hudsonville, Michigan
Heather Hurst, CER — Wilmington, Delaware
Christina Ihrig, CERT*D — Scottsdale, Arizona
Linda Lavender, CER**D — Dover, Delaware
Cathryn Martin, CER**D — Spring Hill, Florida
Teri McDonald, CERT*D — Cicero, Indiana
Paul McKenna, CERT*D — Stamford, Connecticut
Emi McLaughlin, CER**D — Seattle, Washington
Robin Sue McNew, CERT*D — Noblesville, Indiana
Julie Messa, CET**D — Valencia, California
Janice Penfield, CET**D — Lindsay, Ontario, Canada
Corrine Piombi, CET**D — Litchfield Park, Arizona
Sharon Porter, CET**D — Scottsdale, Arizona
Phillip Puzio, CET**D — Kirkland, Washington
Renee Rich, CET**D — Goodyear, Arizona
Toni Shearer, CERT*D — Gainesville, Florida
Dawn South, CET**D — Mesa, Arizona
Eduard vonWettberg, CER**D — Wilmington, Delaware
Karen Wable, CERT*D — Bronson, Florida
For test-related information, contact:
Steve Simon, CERT
A general discussion of the program is at
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A warm welcome to our new members
since the last issue of The Court Reporter
AAERT members can go to our on-line Directories by clicking
OmniVerb Communications, Ltd.
Schenectady, New York
Trinity Transcription Services
The Woodlands, Texas
Professional Court Reporters, Inc.
Toronto, Ontario M2N 6K1, Canada
Reid Anderegg , North Charleston, SC
Sandra Lee Aviles, CER**D, Stratford, CT
Lisa Bias, CERT, Versailles, MO
Clare Corre, Pasadena, CA
Michelle Costantino, Plymouth, MA
Dorothy Deluna-Barding, Dobbs Ferry, NY
Brian DiGiovanna, New York, NY
Joelle Dixon, CET**D, Keystone Heights, FL
Patricia Duck, Oakland, MD
Marc Eppler, Cleveland, OH
Barbara Enneking, West Chester, OH
George France, Geneseo, NY
Deborah Gonzalez, Glendale, AZ
Barbara Graham, Orange Park, FL
Jocelyne Greguoli, Wolcott, CT
Melissa Guerrero, Hollywood, FL
Michelle Guza, Pasadena, CA
Constance Hagar, Austin, TX
Shelly Heatherdale, Ocala, FL
Christina Ihrig, CERT*D, Scottsdale, AZ
Kathleen Lee, LaGrange Highlands, IL
Cathryn Lynch, Sanborn, NY
Natalie McEnulty, Kingman, AZ
Paul J. McKenna, CERT*D, Stamford, CT
Emi McLaughlin, CER**D, Seattle, WA
Julie Messa, CET**D, Valencia, CA
Beth A. Miller, Tavernier, FL
Lee Miller, Pasadena, CA
Sherri Monroe, Flanders, NJ
Daisy Y. Morrison, Ocala, FL
Debra Parmer, Edgar, WI
Linda Perot, West Monroe, LA
Kimberly Perry-Schneider, Danbury, CT
Nathan Peterman, Brooklyn, NY
Sharon Porter, CET**D, Scottsdale, AZ
Carol Nicole Price, Barney, GA
Janet Pryce, La Grande, OR
Phillip Puzio, CET**D, Kirkland, WA
Donna Ramonas, Oakville, CT
P. Renee Rich, CET**D, Goodyear, AZ
Linda Rinaldi, Bethlehem, CT
Susan Elizabeth Rojo, Winnetka, CA
Julie Rowan, Carson City, NV
Jared Sandel, Hollywood, FL
Toni Shearer, CERT*D, Gainesville, FL
Elizabeth Silva, Chandler, AZ
Lorna Slowikowski, Ocala, FL
Dawn South, CET**D, Mesa, AZ
Terri Starkey, Austin, TX
Shaune Steele, Pasadena, CA
Norma Renee Streeter, West Monroe, LA
Abigail Swire, Atlantic Beach, FL
Christine Syva-Mann, Clayton, DE
Barbara Telle, Concord, CA
Jacqueline Varhley, Newtown, PA
Al Weir, Lake Worth, FL
Lissa Whittaker, Kansas City, MO
Joani Yingling, Tucson, AZ
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Contact the Editor
The Court Reporter is published by
The American Association of Electronic Reporters & Transcribers, Inc.
All rights reserved, whether electronically or in print. © 2007.
Gillian Lawrence, FPR, CERT, President
AAERT / 23812 Rock Circle / Bothell, WA 98021-8573.
AAERT AAERT AAERT AAERT AAERT AAERT